What Tool Is Best For Cutting Stone?

There are many different tools available for use when cutting stones. But the ideal stone-cutting tool is well-suited to the exact stone being worked with and the intended purpose of the cut. There are benefits and drawbacks to every instrument out there, from chisels and hammers to diamond saw blades and angle grinders.

Here in the article, we’ll examine the many stone-cutting instruments out there and offer advice on how to choose the right one for your needs. 

Cutting Granite stock photo

It doesn’t matter if you’re a seasoned stonemason or just getting your feet wet; this book will provide you with the information you need to make good choices and complete your project successfully.

What Tool Is Best For Cutting Stone?

In the context of working with natural stone, “cutting stone” refers to the process of shaping and dividing a huge block or slab into smaller pieces or shapes following precise measurements and design requirements. In most cases, this is done so that stone can be used for construction or decoration.

Saws, chisels, hammers, and grinders are just a few of the many instruments available for use in the process of cutting stone, each with its own set of benefits and drawbacks. 

Stone cutting is a labour-intensive process that calls for experience, accuracy, and specialized tools. To select the appropriate cutting tool, one must consider the type of stone being worked, the final product being produced, and the precise cutting needs.

The best tool for cutting stones depends on the type of stone and the specific cutting task. Here are some of the most common tools used for cutting stones:

Diamond Saw Blade

It is usual practice to utilize a diamond saw blade when working with stone, concrete, asphalt, and other hard materials. The cutting edge is a metal disc coated with a continuous ring of diamond abrasive particles. The diamonds at the blade’s edge are what make it so effective at cutting and so long-lasting.

Diamond saw blades can be found in sizes ranging from those designed for portable saws to those used in industrial settings. Marble, granite, and limestone are just some of the natural stones that are routinely cut with them. They are also used for cutting man-made materials including asphalt, concrete, and ceramics.

Faster cutting rates, long blade life, and cleaner, more precise cuts are just a few of the benefits of using diamond saw blades. They’re adaptable, too, serving well for both straight and curved cutting, as well as for making acute angles.

Nevertheless, you should know that diamond saw blades are pricey and need regular upkeep to last a long time. Dust and debris produced during the cutting process can also be hazardous to the user and the environment, thus it’s important to take all necessary precautions.

Angle Grinder

It is normal practice to use an angle grinder for cutting, grinding, and sanding stone, among other materials. A disc-shaped blade is spun at extremely high speeds by a motor. Grinding wheels, cut-off wheels, and wire brushes are just some of the attachments that may be quickly swapped out by just switching out the blade.

You may use an angle grinder for a wide range of purposes, from shaping metal to cutting stone and concrete to removing rust and paint. Smaller and more manageable than other power tools, they excel at jobs that need pinpoint accuracy and careful manipulation.

It is essential to utilize a diamond blade engineered for cutting stone when operating an angle grinder. These blades’ continuous ring of diamond abrasive particles makes for exceptionally sharp cuts and long life.

Chisels And Hammers

Hand tools, such as chisels and hammers, have been used for ages to shape and cut stones. Metal is the material of choice, and they feature both a blade (chisel) and a striking end (hammer).

Stone is often roughly shaped using chisels and hammers, either to break down enormous blocks into more manageable sizes or to carve and shape smaller pieces with more elaborate shapes and details. Stone cutting is a time-consuming and precise technique that calls for a high level of skill and perseverance.

For more precise and controlled results, chisels and hammers can be used instead of power tools. They don’t make as much noise, generate less dust and debris, and necessitate no power sources or specialist tools.

Wet Saw

To keep the blade from overheating while cutting stone, ceramic, and other materials, wet saws employ a steady stream of water. The blade may last longer and the cutting process may be more efficient if water is used to dampen the effects of friction, heat, and dust.

Wet saws can be found in a wide range of sizes and designs, from compact tabletop versions to massive freestanding machines. They are frequently employed to reduce the size of huge blocks of stone like marble, granite, and tile. They may be used to make clean, precise cuts with minimum chipping and cracking, and they can even be used to cut curves and angles.

There are many benefits to utilizing a wet saw, including a more hygienic and precise cut, less blade heat and friction, and longer blade life. When compared to other power instruments, such as angle grinders, wet saws offer greater control and more accurate cuts.

Wet saws are more efficient than dry ones, but they can be filthy and need a water source and a place to drain the water they use. They are more cumbersome to use, more expensive, and sometimes require specific training to use than other tools.

Wire Saw

A diamond-tipped wire or cable is the “wire” in a wire saw, a type of cutting instrument. The electric motor spins a series of pulleys that are connected by wire, which causes the wire to spin at very high velocities. As the wire is manipulated back and forth, diamond abrasive particles scratch the stone’s surface.

Stones like marble and granite are sometimes chopped into smaller pieces or shaped into intricate or irregular shapes using wire saws. Due to their ease of use and ability to cut through even the hardest materials, they find widespread application in quarries and stone production shops.

A wire saw can create clean, precise cuts in tough materials like stone, and it can cut quickly through even thick slabs. Cutting underwater or in limited areas are only two examples of the kind of difficult-cutting situations where wire saws shine.

wire saws pose risks if used incorrectly and are difficult to master without expert instruction. Under extreme tension, the wire could also break or fracture, posing a risk to the user. Wearing eye and ear protection and taking other precautions to avoid electrical shock is essential while operating a wire saw safely. Maintaining the wire and the saw as per the manufacturer’s instructions is also crucial for optimum cutting performance and safety.


Diamond saw blades, angle grinders, chisels, hammers, wet saws, and wire saws are just some of the instruments that can be used to cut stone. There are benefits and drawbacks to using each tool, and determining which one is appropriate for a given cutting job, stone type, and desired degree of precision and control can be challenging.

One must take into account the size and type of stone being cut, the intended cutting speed and efficiency, the desired level of precision and control, and the available resources, such as water or power while deciding on a suitable cutting tool.

Protective gear, such as safety glasses, gloves, and hearing protection, should always be used when using power tools to prevent harm and prolong the life of the tool itself. To get the most out of the instrument and keep it running well for as long as possible, follow the upkeep schedule specified by the maker.